Female genital mutilation, also called female genital cutting, refers to the removal of all or part of the female genitalia. Despite global efforts to promote abandonment of the practice, FGM/C remains widespread in many developing countries, and has spread to other parts of the world, such as Europe and North America, where some immigrant families have now settled.
Some 3 million women and girls face FGM/C every year, while some 100 to 140 million have already undergone the practice. The majority live in 28 countries in Africa and Western Asia. The practice has also been reported among certain populations in India, Indonesia and Malaysia.
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