Yesterday, the United Kingdom got a look at their 2011 Census results. While not surprising to many Daily Email subscribers who are aware of the U.K.’s rapid population growth, the news that England and Wales grew by a record amount (the UK Census began 211 years ago, in 1801) seems to have caught the media somewhat by surprise. Below is an initial report by the BBC.
England and Wales population up
The population of England and Wales has reached 56.1 million, up by 3.7 million in a decade, the 2011 Census shows. It is the largest growth shown by any census since they began in 1801.
The population in England was 53 million on 27 March 2011 when the census was taken, about 400,000 more than official estimates. In Wales the population was 3.1 million. Around 55% of the 3.7m increase was attributed to net migration.
The census showed that the population for England and Wales was greater than official estimates rolled forward from 2001 – by just over 500,000. Data shows that from March 2001 to March 2011, there were 6.6 million births and five million deaths in England and Wales, leading to an increase in the population of 1.6 million.
The Office for National Statistics said this accounted for around 44% of the total increase in population size, with the remainder being due to migration.
BBC home editor Mark Easton says the most likely reason for the discrepancy between the official estimate and the actual population is inaccurate migration data. It is notable that the number of people in their 20s has risen from 6.6m to 7.6m – that additional one million people are most likely to be migrant workers, he adds.
The latest rise compares with a rise in population of 1.6 million between 1991 and 2001.
The population projections published by the ONS will be revised upwards in the autumn.
On the night of the census there were 23.4 million households in England and Wales, with the average household size being 2.4 people per household in 2011, just over half of the 4.3 residents per household 100 years earlier.
The 2011 Census also showed the average population density was 371 people per square kilometre; however, in London this figure was 5,200.
To read the full report, please click here: http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-18838540
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