The Population Reference Bureau recently released its 2012 World Population Data Sheet. PRB’s 2012 effort is the 50th edition of this important annual stat sheet. PRB has calculated that the annual natural increase for 2012 will be 84.3 million, the result of 140 million births (4.45 per second) and 56 million deaths (1.78 per second).
You can access the full PDF here (1.3 MB):
Population Reference Bureau Releases 2012 World Data Sheet
(July 2012) Nearly all future population growth will be in the world’s less developed countries, and the poorest of these countries will see the greatest percentage increase.
In contrast, developed countries as a whole will experience little or no population growth in this century, and much of that growth will be from immigration from less developed countries. Europe is likely to be the first region in history to see long-term population decline, largely as a result of low fertility in Eastern Europe and Russia. Europe’s population is projected to decrease from 740 million today to 732 million by 2050.
“World population reached 7 billion in 2011, and now totals almost 7.1 billion,” says Wendy Baldwin, president and CEO of PRB. “The developing countries in Africa, Asia, and Latin America account for 97 percent of this growth because of the dual effects of continued high birth rates and young populations.”
These new PRB publications offer detailed information on 19 population, health, and environment indicators for more than 200 countries. The data sheet clearly illustrates a continuing rapid expansion in world population. Even though declines in birth rates have been virtually universal across countries, some countries have shown little if any decline, such as Mali and Niger.
“Declines in birth rates continue to vary widely among regions, and within countries in a particular region,” says Carl Haub, PRB senior demographer and co-author of the data sheet. There are 25 countries in Africa where women have five or more children each. “In Malawi, for example, women average 5.7 children,” he explains. “But the poorest fifth of the population averages 7 children per woman, while the richest fifth averages fewer than 4 children per woman.” In contrast, women in South Africa average 2.4 children.
To read the full release, please click here: www.prb.org/Publications/Datasheets/2012/world-population-data-sheet/data-sheet.aspx