The following story was printed at The New Security Beat Blog, and it reviews various population, health and environment programs that are currently on the ground in the country. The report notes that “a PHE program is a coordinated set of activities that includes goals and interventions in the population, health, and environment sectors. The integration of multiple components has been shown to provide additional benefits by reducing costs and increasing effectiveness. Increasing access to family planning, a critical component of many PHE projects, stands out as one of the most cost-effective, cross-cutting interventions available.”
In Uganda, Integrating Population, Health, and Environment to Meet Development Goals
By Gladys Kalema-Zikusoka // Wednesday, March 13, 2013
Fifty years after independence, Uganda has one of the highest population growth rates in the world at 3.3 percent – a rate which puts the country on track to nearly double in population over the next two decades. More than 50 percent of the population is under the age of 18. This large youth cohort will ensure that the country continues to grow for decades to come, even if couples choose – and are able – to have smaller families. And according to the State of Uganda Population Report 2011, “with more than one million people added to the population every year, the quality of [health] service delivery will suffer.”
In 1962, Uganda had a population of about seven million people. Today, the population is five times larger (34 million) and the country is one of the most densely populated in Africa. As the population expands and people continue to primarily live off the land, natural resources are depleted, dilapidated, and degraded, which undermines the livelihoods of the people, attainment of the country’s National Development Plan and Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), and its aspiration of becoming a middle-income economy with healthy ecosystems by 2050.