Coercive Practices Range from Forced Abortion and Sterilization in China To Laws Impeding Women from Obtaining Abortion Services in the United States
Forcing a woman to terminate a pregnancy she wants is wrong, and so is forcing her to continue a pregnancy that she does not want, concludes a new Guttmacher Institute policy analysis. Each case violates women’s basic human rights: the right to decide freely whether and when to bear a child and the right to have that decision respected by the government.
“Reproductive rights advocates have long stood for the principle that coercion in reproductive decision making-whether to prevent childbearing or to compel it-is unacceptable and should be unequivocally condemned,” says Sneha Barot, author of the new analysis. “This principle applies across national borders and at all levels of government, whether it’s local Chinese officials forcing women to terminate a wanted pregnancy or U.S. state legislatures passing increasingly coercive abortion restrictions to keep women from ending an unwanted one.”
Barot traces the global history of reproductive coercion, finding that no matter what motivates such policies-like fears of a population explosion or implosion, the desire for more workers and soldiers, or religious orthodoxies-the reproductive self-determination and human rights of individual women are sacrificed. The analysis also describes coercive practices that were widely condoned in the United States during the early and mid-20th century, including the forced sterilization of women deemed “unfit” to bear children.
“Growing awareness among policymakers and reproductive health advocates of these repugnant practices resulted in firmly anchoring the official U.S. family planning policy-both domestic and international-in the principles of voluntarism and informed consent,” says Barot. “And reproductive health advocates to this day remain acutely sensitive to the potential for coercion, for instance by ensuring that human rights, rather than numerical targets, were central to the recent London Family Planning Summit.”
In stark contrast to this commitment to individual decision making, U.S. abortion policy has been going in the opposite direction, becoming more restrictive and coercive. The ideals of voluntarism and free choice have been increasingly co-opted and undermined by U.S. antiabortion advocates and state policymakers, who have enacted myriad “informed consent” laws that require women to receive inaccurate and biased counseling, undergo unnecessary procedures or endure mandatory waiting periods.
“These laws are intended to push reproductive decision making in one direction-toward pregnancy and childbearing,” says Barot. “That such pressure violates the essence of anti-coercion policies has never been acknowledged by conservatives, who are quick to condemn coercive efforts to stop pregnancy.”
To read the rest of the article, click here: http://www.guttmacher.org/media/nr/2012/10/24/index.html
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