By 2017, India’s slum population will rise to 104 million
Dipak Kumar Dash, TNN
NEW DELHI: India’s slum population will surge to 104 million by 2017 – or around 9% of the total projected national population of 1.28 billion that year.
This means urban planners will face escalating challenges as these slums will mostly proliferate in sleepy towns and in semi-rural areas, a consequence of an accelerating rural to urban shift across the nation.
According to data provided in Parliament, Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh will host the largest chunks of India’s slum population (see box).
In a reply to a starred question by Nashik MP Sameer Bhujbal last week in Parliament, the government offered a projection of the slum population on the basis of the Pranab Sen Committee report submitted in 2010. The committee’s previous projection of slum population in 2011 was 93 million, or 7% of a total population of 1.21 billion.
But the census of 2011 recorded 1.3 crore urban slum households. So, if a household is estimated at five members, the urban slum population would be around 65 million. This 65 million figure is considerably lower than the Sen Committee’s projection of 93 million slum dwellers in 2011 (based on the 2001 census).
The 2011 census shows the problem is growing as it indicates the percentage of people living in slums in smaller cities with a population of less than a million is rising. While 62% people in these cities are slum dwellers, it is 38% in all million-plus cities that include mega metros like Delhi and Mumbai.
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