Kenya’s Excess of Policies Can’t Deal With Climate Change
By Miriam Gathigah
NAIROBI, Dec 31 2013 (IPS) – Kenya is facing its greatest challenge as weather patterns are starting to significantly affect food production. And experts are blaming the low adaptive capacity of the farming sector on an excess of policy and institutional frameworks that are silent on both climate change and agriculture.
Joshua Kosgei, an agricultural extension officer in Elburgon, Rift Valley province, told IPS that at least 300,000 maize farmers in the province are affected by climate change as the region has become too warm for maize farming. Production of this East African nation’s staple crop is expected to fall by at least 25 percent.
The country’s food security outlook covering June to December shows that a gradual increase in maize prices is expected. “Currently, wholesale maize prices are about 10 percent above the five year average and by December, maize prices are likely to be higher,” the outlook report said.
The Association for Strengthening Agricultural Research in Eastern and Central Africa, a regional research body, predicts that as temperatures become too high for maize production, the country’s granary will shift from the Rift Valley province to parts of lower Eastern province.
“Maize has done well in Rift Valley, but the region is receiving less and less rainfall, so maize farming must move to other regions that were hotter but are now receiving adequate rainfall,” Kosgei told IPS.
According to the Ministry of Agriculture, five million out of a total eight million households in the country depend directly on agriculture. In addition, small-scale farmers here account for at least 75 percent of the total agricultural output and 70 percent of marketed agricultural produce.
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