PMC in Burundi

PMC began working in Burundi in 2013. Burundi's annual population growth rate is 3.25 percent which, if unchanged, means its population is projected to double in 22 years.

Millions of Burundians enjoy and are impacted by PMC-Burundi’s programming, including Agashi (“Hey! Look Again!”) that reached more than two million people and cost a mere $0.74 US per loyal listener. This led to a follow-on drama, Agashi 2, that began broadcast in August 2016. PMC-Burundi initiated PMC’s first-ever monthly random telephone surveys to gauge listener reactions in real-time for feedback to the writers. PMC-Burundi regularly conducts a number of interactive promotional events and has received extensive qualitative feedback from locals, including a community organizer who used Agashi to host discussions with youth and adults about family planning, reproductive health, and HIV/AIDS.

Population Media Center's radio drama in Burundi motivated 12% of a national sample of patients to seek health services in its first round of clinic monitoring.

Population Size

11,466,756 (July 2017)

Growth Rate

Projected Population Growth



81.3% of Burundians live under the international poverty line of US $1.25 per day.


  • Growth Rate Compared to World: 4th (CIA, 2017)
  • Total Fertility Rate: 5.99 children/woman (CIA, 2017)
  • Contraceptive Prevalence Rate: 31.7% (CIA, 2012)
  • HIV/AIDS Adult Prevalence Rate: 1.1% (CIA, 2016)
  • HIV/AIDS Compared to World: 42nd (CIA, 2016)
  • Population Below International Poverty Line: 81.3% (UNICEF Economic Indicators, 2007-2011)
  • Births by Age 18: 11% (UNICEF Adolescents Indicators, 208-2012)

Our Projects

PMC produces one radio drama in Burundi, which has been accompanied by rural promotional caravans, events, and other listener-engagement activities.

About Burundi

Burundi is a small landlocked country in East Africa, about two-thirds the size of Switzerland with a population of about 11 million. Almost 87 percent of Burundians over the age of 15 can read and write, but more than 81 percent of the population lives below the international poverty line of US $1.25 per day (UNICEF, 2011). The Burundian Civil War, waged from 1993 to 2005, has left the country with weak infrastructure and a stressed economy. Today, Burundi is one of the five poorest countries in the world, and Population Institute has ranked Burundi the 4th most vulnerable state in their 2015 Demographic Vulnerability Report. Its citizens face major economic, health, and human rights challenges every day.

From an infectious diseases perspective, malaria and HIV/AIDS are two of Burundi’s biggest health concerns. There are 2.5 million clinical cases of malaria in Burundi each year and 15,000 annual malaria deaths. 180,000 Burundians live with HIV/AIDS, and an estimated 15,000 are killed by HIV/AIDS each year.

Current World Population


Net Growth During Your Visit