PMC began working in Ethiopia in 2001. The annual population growth rate is 2.38 percent, which left unchanged would result in a doubling of the population in 29 years.
Ethiopia has made great strides in a number of development areas in the more than a decade PMC has been working there. According to the 2011 Demographic and Health Survey, the contraceptive prevalence rate in Ethiopia has doubled in the past five years. A variety of PMC programs have worked to help increase knowledge about family planning, contraception, HIV/AIDS, and a number of other issues, such as improving use of the health extension worker program. PMC-Ethiopia has also won a number of recognitions, including the 2011 Global Media Award. The PMC-Ethiopia team is committed to making a difference. PMC’s Ethiopia Country Representative, Negussie Teffera, won the 2011 Africa Chairman Award for Excellence in Communication Strategy.
Ethiopia is a country more than twice the size of Thailand with a population of about 94 million. Ethiopia has poor health status relative to other low-income countries, even within Sub-Saharan Africa, and Population Institute has ranked Ethiopia the 12th most vulnerable state in their 2015 Demographic Vulnerability Report. The Federal Ministry of Health introduced the Health Extension Program to try to increase health services around the country, particularly to rural areas, in 2006. The government has also been addressing violence against women, which gained international attention in the last two decades. In the 2007 study on women’s health and domestic violence conducted by the World Health Organization, more than 50 percent of women in Ethiopia reported having been subjected to physical or sexual violence by intimate partners with figures reaching staggering 71 percent in rural Ethiopia.
Female Genital Mutilation is another challenge in Ethiopia, impacting 74 percent of women age 15-49. Girls and women not subject to female genital mutilation are labeled as promiscuous and unworthy of marriage. So, despite the many deaths, complications in pregnancy and childbirth, infection, and the psychological trauma, female genital mutilation is still practiced widely throughout Ethiopia, particularly in the Afar region. In Ethiopia as of 2011, the percentage of woman who have suffered female genital mutilation is almost twice the percentage of Ethiopian adults that can read and write. (74.3% vs 39%).