PMC in Haiti
PMC began working in Haiti in January of 2013. Haiti has a population of 10.7 million and the present annual population growth rate of 1.34 percent means the population would double by 2070 if left unchanged.
PMC broadcast a radio serial drama, Zoukoutap (“To Limp”), in Haiti with so much success that it was broadcast a second time throughout the country, and a sequel to the program, Zoukoutap 2, aired from May 2015 to June 2016. Zoukoutap addressed a number of health and human rights issues, including Haiti’s “Restavek” system which places many children in the role of servant with no ability to defend him or herself.
Haiti's Restavek system impacts one in every 15 children.
Projected Population Growth
Almost 60% of the population of Haiti lives below the international poverty line of US $1.25 per day.
- Growth Rate Compared to World: 83rd (CIA, 2017)
- Total Fertility Rate: 2.72 children/woman (CIA, 2017)
- Births By Age 18: 12.9% (UNICEF Adolescents Indicators, 2008-2012)
- Contraceptive Prevalence Rate: 34.5% (CIA, 2012)
- HIV/AIDS Adult Prevalence Rate: 2.1% (CIA, 2016)
- HIV/AIDS Compared to World: 31st (CIA, 2016)
- Population Below International Poverty Line: 58.5% (CIA, 2012)
Large numbers of children and high poverty levels force many Haitian children into child labor, particularly known as “restaveks.” In 2006, 21 percent of Haiti’s children were believed to be restaveks. Restaveks are children who are sent to cities to live with less poor ‘host’ families, whom are expected to provide the children with food, shelter, and education in exchange for domestic work. While some children may be well cared for and get to go to school, many of these children face beatings, sexual assaults, and other abuses against which they are powerless.
Another high concern in Haiti is HIV/AIDS. Most adults have heard of AIDS, but only 35 percent of women and 41 percent of men have comprehensive knowledge. HIV prevalence is estimated at 4-5 percent, which is the highest HIV prevalence in the Western Hemisphere. Population Institute has ranked Haiti the 20th most vulnerable state in their 2015 Demographic Vulnerability Report
Current World Population
Net Growth During Your Visit