PMC produced Hilkor (“Ripples in the Water”) in Nepal. This 104-episode radio show aired from April 2016 to April 2017 in the Maithili language.

PMC partnered with the Antenna Foundation (AFN) to broadcast Hilkor and another PMC radio show, Mai Sari Sunakhari  (“Orchid, Like Me”), in the Nepali language. The Antenna Foundation has established itself as one of Nepal’s premier communication and production houses with a team of 50 professionals and a network that spreads across the most remote corners of Nepal. The broadcast network for Hilkor and Mai Sari Sunakhari included Radio Nepal, Kantipur FM, and 40 stations nationwide through Ujyaalo 90 Network.

Hilkor is currently being aired to adolescent girls in street theater workshops organized by PMC and Janaki Women Awareness Society (JWAS). The goal is to motivate positive behaviors and normative change regarding child marriage, girls’ education, and gender-based violence.

As with all PMC radio shows, Hilkor was created using PMC’s radio show methodology.

Listen Now

"Hilkor has brought the dark side of our community in the radio. Characters are exactly like us. I really like it very much."

Naresh Chandra Barbariya, Siraha

Making a Difference

Mobile Phone Surveys
Monthly mobile phone surveys implemented during broadcast asked respondents “Have you ever listened to Hilkor?” Results found that, on average, 51% of respondents had “ever listened to Hilkor” each month.

Clinic Monitoring Study
• In October/November 2017, when asked, more than one in three clients (35%) said they listened to Hilkor.
• Of all new and continuing clients interviewed for the study, 18% said they were motivated by Hilkor to get family planning/reproductive health services.

• Of the 24% of new and continuing clients that cited “radio” as their source of motivation, 73% cited Hilkor as their motivating radio program.

• When asked “Have you taken any action to discourage child marriage?”, listeners were significantly more likely than non-listeners to say “yes” (59% listeners, 39% nonlisteners).

Endline Study
Between April – June 2018, 800 reproductive aged individuals were surveyed on changes in knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors due to exposure to Hilkor. The endline data showed:
• Listeners were 2.9 times more likely than non-listeners to have discussed child marriage and related issues with others
• Listeners were 2.1 times more likely than non-listeners to have taken action to discourage child marriage

Project Information

Title: Hilkor (“Ripples in the Water”)
Format: Radio Show
Location: Nepal
Language: Maithili
Duration: April 2016 – April 2017

Download the Nepal broadcast map

PMC Country Administrative Team:
Country Representative: Rajan Parajuli
Technical Assistant: Binaya Adhikari
Finance Assistant: Ramesh Pokharel
Administrative Assistant: Dinesh Timilsena

PMC Country Creative Team:
Producer: Rabindra Jha
Head Writer: Sneha Jha
Writers: Priyanka Jha, Kanchana Jha, Anita Chaudhary

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Kashiram's Story

Kashiram has a loving, caring family. His wife and his 15-year-old daughter live together peacefully, but his good friend at work sees his daughter in the temple and suggests that he better start thinking about her marriage. His wife disagrees and says she should focus on her studies. Kashiram is torn until he finds a love note in her math book. At that point, he decides to pull her from school and marries her to a man from another village. His daughter is beaten by her in-laws. She’s soon pregnant and the abuse causes her to miscarry. Her father finally comes to take her home and she resumes her studies. Kashiram’s friend from work is not so lucky. His daughter, in the same situation, is beaten until she dies by her in-laws. He is taken to court and sentenced for marrying his daughter before the legal age. 

Issues this storyline addresses:

Krishna's Story

Krishna and his wife have two daughters, which frustrates Krishna’s father who has four children but no grandsons — only granddaughters. Krishna’s wife is weak from pregnancies. She’s had two miscarriages in addition to the two successful pregnancies. Krishna doesn’t want to pressure his wife, but eventually decides it’s time for another baby. She miscarries yet again. Aware of her poor health, Krishna and his wife avoid sex for fear of pregnancy until they are told that there are ways to have sex and not get pregnant. They begin using family planning and are much happier until Krishna’s father finds out and feels incredibly betrayed. Krishna and his wife stop using family planning and she soon becomes pregnant. She delivers a baby boy, to her father-in-law’s delight, but he’s two months premature and both baby boy and Krishna’s mom must stay in the hospital in hopes of health. The baby dies. Krishna’s father suffers a stroke at the loss of the child. Krishna, working at home to take care of his daughters, worried about his wife, his baby, and his father, realizes that he must stop risking his wife’s health. Over time, his wife can return home and they practice family planning and focus on caring for their two girls.

Rahim's Story

Even though Rahim is unemployed and struggling to find a job to support himself and his wife and six-month-old son, he doesn’t want to help his father on this small vegetable farm because it is the work of peasants. So when his friend, an agent for an overseas recruiting firm, promises him huge salaries overseas, he agrees and leaves. His friend, actually made very little money working overseas and partially signs people on out of bitterness to share in the suffering. Rahim is embarrassed that he cannot send much money home and his working conditions are horrible. He cuts off contact as he tries to earn more money. His family is scared about his well-being and his wife starts working her father-in-laws farm and farmstand to help financially. When Rahim reconnects, he discovers that his son got sick and died. He returns home immediately. He begins working on the farm as well and things are improving, but his friend returns and says he has found a better opportunity in a different country. It takes time, but he again convinces Rahim to go. The conditions are worse and Rahim loses his hand. He urges his wife to send money to transport him home. When he gets home, the entire family is working hard to pay for the loan it took to get him back to the village. He realizes he was a fool to go again and sets to work on the farm. His father suggests that he start to drive a motor rickshaw and he starts earning a decent income and, something more valuable, self-respect. He and his wife find out that they’re pregnant and share the happy news with their family.

Issues this storyline addresses:

Jayram's Story

Jayram is a teacher and lives with his wife, five-year-old son, and his mother. His mother dislikes how Jayram’s best friend and his wife spend so much time together and insists they are having an affair. Jayram confronts his wife, Santoliya, but she denies it. Jayram begins beating her. His friend discovers this abuse and that it’s because of him and tells Jayram that they are not having any affair. He’s convinced until he comes home and they are laughing together in the kitchen. He goes to hit Santoliya but burns his hand badly. He needs Santoliya to care for him, but she won’t until he apologizes. His mother dislikes Jayram’s newfound trust and his friend still hanging around. When Jayram decides to start a business and needs seed money, his mother refuses to help him and insists that he must ask for more dowry from Santoliya’s family. Santoliya tell him it’s impossible and he beats her badly. She takes their son and goes to live with her parents. Jayram’s mother suggests he take in a new girl to live with him. He does so and likes her, but he wants his son back. The new girl hates his son and pushes him into an oncoming motorcycle. He needs a blood transfusion to survive, so Jayram must ask Santoliya to come home because her blood is a match. She comes to the hospital to save her son immediately, but she refuses Jayram’s apologies. Jayram throws the girl out of his house and eventually Santoliya returns to him. They move out of his mother’s house.

Issues this storyline addresses:

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